“Unauthorized Information” — What Is It?

A Gentle Introduction

We talked about Dummy — dummy’s rights and what dummy is not allowed to do, such as suggest a line of play to declarer. In a way, what dummy is doing if he reaches for a card in dummy before declarer has called for it, is to tell declarer something declarer should not be privy to — what he, dummy thinks is the right play.

That brings me to an area of The Laws, the bain of a director’s life and one of the main reasons for this series of chats… Unauthorized Information (often referred to as simply “UI”). Perhaps the easiest way to think about unauthorized information is to look at Authorized Information.

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The World Bridge Federation

Some of you may have heard of the “World Bridge Federation” (WBF). It is the umbrella organization that is responsible for the bridge laws (Laws of Duplicate Bridge) and for holding world bridge championships and other world-wide events.

There are “independent” organizations that are members, directly or indirectly of the WBF. They fall into a hierarchy as follows:

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The Laws — What?

The Laws” sounds awfully intimidating, but all games have laws, though they usually call them “Rules” or “The Official Rules” — Scrabble, chess, golf, football…, they all have rules.

There is a little book called the “Laws of Duplicate Bridge” which is our rule book. We often just refer to it as “The Laws”. It was first published in 1928 as “The Laws of Duplicate Contract Bridge”. It gets revised every few years. For the last few editions, that has been about every 10 years.

Read more…The Laws — What?